The Poetics of Folk Love Songs of the Crimean Tatars


Crimean Tatars
love song
genres maqam and tiurkiu

How to Cite

Humeniuk , O. (2022). The Poetics of Folk Love Songs of the Crimean Tatars. Bibliotekarz Podlaski, 54(1), 239-252.


The author of the article investigates the poetics, genre, and style structure of the folk love songs of the Crimean Tatars. Based on the works by such folklorists as Oleksiy Olesnytsky, Asan Refatov, Yahya Sherfedinov, Fevzi Aliyev, Ilyas Bakhshysh and others, but primarily on authentic texts, she allocates two main genres of folk lyrics of the Crimean Tatars, in which love motifs dominate. The most ancient is maqam. Characteristic of these lyrical compositions, a deep dramatic quality dictates a special emotional expressiveness. It is clearly shown with the help of exquisite figuration, such as wide chants in singing. Philosophical meditation is also a typical feature of these folk works. The other lyric genre, tiurkiu, is very widespread in the folk songs of Crimean Tatars, especially from the 19th century to our time. It covers laconic songs, which have easy lively rhythms. In the love tiurkiu, apart from the most widespread songs about unhappy love, it is also possible to distinguish two more genres: songs about overcoming alarms and troubles and songs about happy love. The perceptive description of the sadness and happiness of love, expresses a wide range of feelings, delicate shades of mood, an abundance of outstanding intonation, picturesque metaphors and symbolic concentration of the laconic imagery, the dynamic development of the lyrical plot, where the shapes of the narrative plot can often be guessed, the coherence and liveliness of the composition (line, retrospective, mosaic), the system of expressive repetitions, which reinforces the ornamental quality and, simultaneously, the clear coherence of the narration, the sophisticated sound and rhythmic organization: these are the main peculiarities of the poetic world of the Crimean Tatar folk love song.


Aliyev F., Antologiya krymskoy narodnoy muzyki – Kyrym khalk muzykasynyn antologiyasy [Antology of the Crimean Folk Music], Simferopol: Krymuchpedgiz Publ., 2001, 600 pp. In Russian and Crimeatatarian.

Arnaut F., Pisni u gagauziv. Poniattia zhanru «tiurkiu» [Songs among the Gagauzes. Concept of genre «tiurkiu»], “Skhodoznavstvo” [Oriental Studies] 2008, № 43, p. 9–16.

Arnaut F., Stanovlennia i formuvannia zhanru gagauz’koyi lirychnoyi pisni [Becoming and Shaping of Gagauz Lyrical Song Genre], [In:] XI A. Kryms’ky Oriental Readings: Abstracts of International Scientific Conference, Kyiv: A. Kryms’ky Institute for Oriental Studies, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 2007, pp. 33–135.

Bakhshysh Il., Kyrymtatar khalk yirlary [Crimean Tatars Folk Songs], Simferopol: Kyrym Devlet Okuv Neshriyaty, 2004, 384 pp. In Crimeatatarian.

Bolat Yu., Bakhshysh Ibr., Kyrymtatar yirlary [Crimean Tatars Songs], Simferopol: Kyrym ASSR Neshriyaty, 1939, 150 pp. In Crimeatatarian.

Chelebi E., Kniga putieshestviy: pokhody s tatarami i putieshestviya po Krymu (1641–1667) [Book of the Voyages: Marches with Tatars and Journeys in Crimea (1641–1667)], Simferopol: Tawriya Publ., 1996, 240 pp. In Russian.

Konchevski A., Piesni Kryma [The Songs of Crimea], Moscow: Gosizdat; Muz. Siektor, 1929, 50 pp. In Russian and Crimeatatarian.

Kopaliński W., Słownik symboli [Vocabulary of Symbols], Warszawa: Wiedza Powszechna, 1990, 512 pp.

Kopanytsia L., Pisenni zhanry ukrayins’koho folkloru [Song Genres of Ukrainian Folklore], Kyiv: Publishing Centre “Kyiv University”, 2004, 222 pp.

Olesnitski A., Piesni Krymskikh turok [Songs of Crimean Turks], Moscow: Lazarevskiy Institut Vostochnykh Yazykov [Lazarev Institute of Oriental Languages], 1910, 85 pp.

Paskhalov V., Muzykal’naya struktura krymskikh piesien [Musical Structure of Crimean Songs], [In:] Piesni Kryma [The Songs of Crimea], ed. A. Konchevski, Moscow: Gosizdat; Muz. Siektor, 1929, pp. 6–9. In Russian.

Propp V., O russkoy narodnoy liricheskoy piesnie [About Russian Folk Lyrical Songs], [In:] Narodnyye liricheskiye piesni [Folk Lyrical Songs], Leningrad: Sov. Pisatiel’ [Soviet Writer] Publ., 1961, pp. 5–68.

Propp V., Poetika Folklora [Poetics of Folklore], Moscow: Labyrinth Publ., 1998, 352 pp.

Propp V., Princypy klassifikatsyi folklornykh zhanrov [Principles of Classification of Folklore Genres], “Sovietskaya Etnografiya” [Soviet Ethnography] 1964, № 4, pp. 147–154.

Propp V., Skazka. Epos. Piesnia [Fairy Tale. Epos. Song], Moscow: Labyrinth Publ., 2007, 350 pp.

Refatov H., Kyrymtatar yirlary [Crimean Tatars Songs], Simferopol: Kyrym Devlet Neshriyaty, 1932, 52 + 98 pp.

Sherfedinov Ya., Piesni i tantsy krymskikh tatar [Songs and Dances of Crimean Tatars], Simferopol: Krymgosizdat; Moscow: Gosmuzizdat, 1931, 94 pp.

Sherfedinov Ya., Zvuchit kaytarma – Yanray kaytarma, Tashkent: Izdatiel’stvo litieratury i iskusstva im. G. Guliama, 1979, 232 pp. In Russian and Crimeatatarian.

Velidzhanov M., Kyrymtatar khalk yirlarynyn siozleri akkynda [About the Words of Crimean Tatar Folk Song], [In:] Crimean Tatar Folk Song, book compilers Il. Bakshysh, E. Nalbandov, Akmesdzhyt: Tawriya Publ., 1996, pp. 5–57.

Veliyev A., Kakura S., Kyrymtatar muadzhyr tiurkiuleri [Crimean Tatars Emigrant Songs], Simferopol: Krymdevokuvpedneshir, 2007, 204 pp.

Yefremova L., Chastotny catalog ukrayins’koho pisennoho folkloru [Detailed Catalogue of Ukrainian Song Folklore]. Part 1: Description, Kyiv: Naukova Dumka [Scientific Think] Publ., 2009, 720 pp.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Download data is not yet available.